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Oberseminar: Aktuelle Fragen der Theoretischen Physik: Vortrag am 18.04.2017

Veranstalter:
1. Institut für Theoretische Physik
2. Institut für Theoretische Physik
3. Institut für Theoretische Physik
4. Institut für Theoretische Physik

Experimental Observation of Dynamical Lee-Yang Zeros

Kay Brandner (Aalto University Finland)

Conventional phase transitions involve abrupt changes of a macroscopic system in response to small variations of an external control parameter. This exceptional behaviour can be understood from the complex zeros of the partition function of the finite-sized system: in the thermodynamic limit, these Lee-Yang zeros, which correspond to logarithmic singularities of the free energy, approach the critical value of the control parameter on the real axis. This general scheme also applies to dynamical phase transitions in non-equilibrium systems. The partition function is thereby replaced with the moment-generating function of a stochastic process with the counting field playing the role of the external control parameter. Here, we demonstrate that the corresponding dynamical Lee-Yang zeors are not only a theoretical conecept but physical observables, which encode remarkable information on the long-time statistics and the dynamical fluctuations of the system. To this end, we analyze a stochastic process involving Andreev-tunneling events in a mesososcopic device consisting of a normal-state island and two superconducting leads. From measurements of the dynamical activity, we extract the Lee-Yang zeros, which reveal a smeared dynamical phase transition outside the range of direct observations. Being obtaind only from short-time data, this information allows us to predict the large-deviation statistics of the dynamical activity at long times, which is otherwise difficult to measure. Our method paves the way for further experiments on the statistical mechanics of many-body systems out of equilibrium. Reference: K. Brandner, V. F. Maisi, J. P. Pekola, J. P. Garrahan, C. Flindt, "Experimental Observation of Dynamical Lee-Yang Zeros", arXiv: 1610.08669 (2016).

Ort : Universität, Raum 4.331 (NWZ II), Pfaffenwaldring 57, Stuttgart-Vaihingen
Zeit: 13:15 Uhr

Bei Fragen und Anregungen zum Oberseminar wenden Sie sich bitte an Herrn Prof. Dr. Günter Wunner.

 

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